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sushruta samhita pdf in hindi / english biography
02-27-2012, 03:56 PM (This post was last modified: 07-16-2013 01:58 PM by top colleges.)
Post: #1
sushruta samhita pdf in hindi / english biography
Sushruta Samhita PDF in Hindi / English ( Biography) .





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The Sushruta Samhita is a Sanskrit textual content, assigned to one Sushruta, fundamental to Ayurvedic remedies (Indian conventional medicine), with modern areas on surgical methods.The Sushruta Samhita contains 184 areas and information of 1120 diseases, 700 therapeutic vegetation, a specific research on Framework, 64 arrangements from nutrient resources and 57 arrangements based on creature resources. It is the main referrals publication for ayurvedic doctors. Sushshrutra is regarded as an excellent physician of the past.
The textual content as maintained times to the 3rd or 4th 100 years AD. The first staying duplicate is known as the Bower Manuscript. The textual content was converted into Persia in the 8th 100 years.


Contents.
The Sushruta samhita is in two elements, first one is Purva-tantra in five areas and the second one is Uttara-tantra. Those two elements together cover, apart from Salyya and Salakya, the other specialties like remedies, pediatric medicine, geriatrics, diseases of the ear, nasal area, neck and eye, toxicology, libido enhancers and psychiatry. Thus the whole Samhita, dedicated as it is to the technology of surgical methods, does not don't succeed to include the significant associated with other professions too. In fact, Sushruta emphasises in his textual content that unless one offers enough understanding of appropriate sibling offices of learning, one cannot acquire expertise in your own topic of research. The Samhita is thus an encyclopaedia of healthcare learning with unique focus on Salya and Salakya. The Sutra-sthana, Nidana-sthana, Sarira-sthana, Kalpa-sthana and Chikitsa-sthana are the five guides of the Purvatantra containing one 120 areas. In addition, the Agnivesatantra known better as the Charaka Samhita and the Ashtanga Hridayam of Vagbhata also contain one 120 areas in all. The Nidana-sthana gives the student the understanding of aetiology, the signs of essential surgery diseases and those conditions, which have a keeping on surgical methods. The rudiments of embryology and the anatomy of our human body along with guidelines for venesection (cutting of veins), the ranking of the individual for each problematic vein, and security of essential elements (marma) are treated in the Sarira-sthana. This also contains the needs of obstetrics. Concepts of control of surgery circumstances such as obstetrical problems are in the Chikitsa-sthana, which also has a few areas on geriatrics and libido enhancers. The Kalpa-sthana is mainly Visa-tantra, interacting with the characteristics of waste and their control. Thus the Purva-tantra holds four offices of Ayurveda. The Uttara-tantra contains the staying four specialties, namely Salakya, Kaumarabhfefefrtya, Kayacikitsa and Bhutavidya. The whole Uttara-tantra has been known as Aupadravika since many of the problems of surgery as well as nausea, dysentery, coughing, hiccough, krmi-roga, pandu, kamala, etc., are temporarily described here. The Salakya-tantra part of the Uttara-tantra contains various diseases of the eye, the ear, the nasal area and the head. Thus the whole Samhita is a complete treatise on the whole healthcare self-discipline.
On the whole, Entire Samhita is a finish execute on remedies with unique interest to Salya and Salakya tantras. The helpful and serious style and overall brilliance of the Sushrutasamhita led to the annihilation of other treatises which beat this system or were modern. As a text-book, it is unique in regard of blend coaching of the topic of surgical methods with referrals to all allied offices of healthcare learning required by a physician. It is a precursor of Vagbhata's Astanga-sangraha.
Sushruta has outlined that haemorrhage can be caught by apposition of the cut sides with appears, program of styptic decoctions, by cauterisation with substances or warm. That the success of surgical methods and its progression is carefully associated with the excellent conflicts of the past is well known. The vrana or damage, says Sushruta, includes malfunction of body-components and may have one or more of the following seating for incident, viz., epidermis, skin, blood-vessels, sinews, bone, joint parts, areas of chest area and belly and essential elements. Typically vrana, the injure, is the greatest blast of the actual pathological structure. It is, in Sushruta's terms, the 6th level of a ongoing process, which begins with sotha (inflammation). Sushruta says that in the first level, the ulcer is dirty and hence known as a dusta-vrana. By appropriate control it becomes a clean injure, a suddha-vrana. Then there is an effort at treatment and is known as ruhyamana-vrana and when the ulcer is completely treated, it is a rudha-vrana. Sushruta has recommended the use of wine beverages with incense of weed for anaesthesia. Although the use of henbane and of Sammohini and Sanjivani are revealed at a later period, Sushruta was the innovator of anaesthesia.
Sushruta represents eight kinds of surgery procedures: Eradication (chedana) is a process whereby a part or whole of the arm or leg is cut off from parents or guardian. Cut (bhedana) is created to acquire effective discharge or visibility of actual elements to let the content out. Scraping (lekhana) or sweeping is done to eliminate a development or skin of an ulcer, tartar of the pearly whites, etc. the system boats, hydrocele and ascitic liquid in the belly are used up by puncturing with unique guitar (vyadhana). The head and space with overseas systems are probed (esana) for developing their size, site, variety, shape, position, scenario, etc. Sravana (blood-letting) is to be done in epidermis diseases, vidradhis, localized swelling, etc. in case of accidents and in on purpose cuts, the mouth of the injure are apposed and u. s. by appears (svana).
To acquire expertise and obtaining expertise and rate in these different kinds of surgery manipulations, Sushruta had created various trial and error segments for trying each process. For example, incision and excision are to be practised on veggies and set luggage loaded with mud of different densities; scraping on furry epidermis of animals; puncturing on the problematic vein of deceased creatures and lotus stalks; searching on moth-eaten wooden or bamboo; scarification on wooden made panels smeared with beeswax, etc. On the topic of tension, Sushruta talks of six versions of accidents covering almost all areas of our human body.
Sushruta also gives category of the bone and their respond to accidents. versions of dislocation of joint parts (sandhimukta) and cracks of the base (kanda-bhagna) are given consistently. He groups and gives information of the six kinds of dislocations and 12 versions of cracks. He gives the foundations of crack treatment, viz., extender, adjustment, appositions and stabilisation. Sushruta has described the whole orthopaedic surgical methods, such as some actions of rehab, in his execute.
As war was a significant cause of damage, the name Salya-tantra for this division of healthcare learning is resulting from Salya, the pointer of the attacker, which in battles used to be filed in our human body of the defense force. He emphasises that eliminating overseas systems is loaded with certain problems if the chair of the Salya be a marma.
Sushruta also talks about certain surgery circumstances of ano-rectal location, he has given all the methods of control of both haemorrhoids and fistulae. Different kinds of incision to eliminate the fistulous system as langalaka, ardhalangalaka, sarvabhadra, candraadha (curved) and kharjurapatraka (serrated) are described for adopting according to the type of fistula.
Sushruta was well aware of the kidney gems, their varieties; the anatomy of kidney bladder along with its interaction is well noted in the part on kidney gems. Kinds of gems, their warning signs, the strategy of removal and surgical side-effect are given in information. Apart from the above, surgical methods of abdominal impediment (baddha-gudodara), punctured abdominal system (chidrodara), accidents to belly (assaya-bhinna) in which outcropping of omentum happens are also described along with their control.
Though the advantages of Sushruta are mainly in the area of Plastic content and Cataract surgical methods, a variety of his other advantages to remedies are detailed below:

Plastic Surgery
Sushruta sits down the fundamental principles of surgery methods by suggesting a appropriate therapy before the function and represents various methods or different kinds of problems, viz., launch of the epidermis for masking small problems, revolving of the flap to make up for the partially reduction and (3) pedicle flap for masking finish decrease of epidermis from an area. He has described various methods such as moving graft, revolving graft and pedicle graft.
Reconstruction of a nasal area (rhinoplasty) which has been cut-off, using a flap of epidermis from the face has also been described.
Lastly, labioplasty too has obtained his interest. In short, all the foundations of surgery methods, viz., reliability, perfection, economic climate and haemostasis find an essential place in Sushruta's documents on this topic.

Legacy
The first staying published content which says Sushruta's name is the Bower Manuscript, found in Kashgar in 1890. The manuscript is outdated on paleographic reasons to the second half of the 4th 100 years.
The healthcare performs of both Sushruta and Charaka were converted into Persia terminology during the Abbasid Caliphate (750 AD). These Persia performs created their way into European countries via intermediaries. In Italia the Branca family of Sicily and Gasparo Tagliacozzi (Bologna) became acquainted with the methods of Sushruta.
British health professionals visited to Indian to see nose reshaping using a flap of epidermis brought up from the temple, being conducted by historical Indians. Reviews on "Indian" nose reshaping using the temple epidermis (not the face flap as described in the susrutha samahita) were released in the Gentleman's Journal by 1794. John Constantine Carpue invested 20 years in Indian learning local surgery methods techniques. Carpue was able to execute the "Indian" strategy of nasal area renovation in the west by 1815.
Instruments described in the Sushruta Samhita were further customized in the European World

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